2018 Agenda

Wednesday, July 11 2018

09.00 a.m. – 09.15 a.m.Opening

Nik Gowing , Founder and Director , Thinking the Unthinkable
Ines Pohl , Editor-in-chief , Deutsche Welle

The Hon. Rose Gottemoeller, Deputy Secretary General, NATO
Main Stage
09.15 a.m. – 10.00 a.m.Framing the Debate | A Shifting Global Order and an Alliance under Pressure

H.E. Mevlüt Çavuşoğlu, Minister of Foreign Affairs, Republic of Turkey
H.E. Jacek Czaputowicz , Minister of Foreign Affairs , Republic of Poland
H.E. Ursula von der Leyen , Minister of Defense , Federal Republic of Germany
Moderator: Ali Aslan , Presenter , Deutsche Welle TV

The NATO Summit Brussels takes place at a time when the world is turbulent in ways not seen for many decades. Global power shifts, rising and revisionist powers, new technologies, stormy domestic politics across the West, mass migration, and weakened states in the Middle East and North Africa have combined to throw the future of the global rules-based order into doubt. How the world navigates these choppy waters in the years to come will determine whether a new order can be found, or if we are collectively heading into an era of global disorder.
Main Stage
10.00 a.m. – 10.30 a.m.Our Shared Global Values

The Rt. Hon. Justin Trudeau MP, Prime Minister, Canada
The Hon. Chrystia Freeland MP, Minister of Foreign Affairs, Canada
The Hon. Harjit Singh Sajjan MP, Minister of National Defense, Canada
Moderator: Karen Donfried, President, The German Marshall Fund of the United States

Main Stage
10.30 a.m. – 11.15 a.m.Coffee Break Lobby
11.15 a.m. – 11.45 a.m. Setting the Stage for the 2018 NATO Summit

H.E. Jens Stoltenberg , Secretary General , NATO
Moderator: Barbara Starr , Pentagon Correspondent , CNN

Right before the summit starts, NATO Secretary General will share his insights into the topics to be discussed and decisions expected to be reached. He will touch on the specific steps NATO leaders will take in key areas from further enhancing deterrence and defense, with stronger reinforcement and better readiness, to increasing efforts to project stability and fight terrorism, to deepening cooperation with the European Union, including military mobility, to name but a few. He will then take questions from the audience.

Main Stage
11.45 a.m. – 12.30 p.m.Putting People First: Inclusive Security and NATO

Lima Ahmad , Fletcher Scholar , NATO Defense College
Isabelle Arradon , Director of Research and Special Adviser on Gender, Peace and Security , International Crisis Group
Lieutenant General Steven M. Shepro, Deputy Chairman, NATO Military Committee
Moderator: Ryan Heath , Political Editor , POLITICO Europe

NATO provides security to families and communities of all ethnicities, religions, and races within the Alliance and across NATO’s many areas of operation. Developing ties to the people it protects has always been a critical task for the Alliance, and NATO engages with women and children in its missions. But as the evolution of security threats brings dangers into communities, it is essential for NATO not only to communicate with populations but also to embody the diversity of the populations it serves. As NATO considers its modernization and future, transforming its operations and ranks to include more women and people of diverse backgrounds would signal a true commitment to putting people first and illustrate to citizens that they, too, are NATO.

Main Stage
12.30 p.m. – 1.15 p.m.Spotlight | The Blessings and Curses of Technology

Zdravko Mladenov, Associate Partner, McKinsey and Company
Thomas Müller, Chief Executive Officer, Hensoldt Sensors
Alvin Salehi, Senior Technology Adviser, US Government
Moderator: Klara Jordan, Director, Cyber Statecraft Initiative, Atlantic Council

The pace of technological innovation is accelerating. Between the introduction of the first personal computer in the 1980s and the invention of the smartphone lie only a few decades — but many milestones of technological innovation. Those rapid changes in technology present a blessing and curse at the same time. As these new devices are increasingly affordable and interconnected, this provides immense opportunities and enriches our lives but it also creates new vulnerabilities. Not only are societies faced with changes so rapid and disruptive that they can hardly adapt. But new technology can also be (mis)used by state and non-state actors, creating real damage (e.g. attacking critical infrastructure) through digital means.

Main Stage
1.15 p.m. – 2.30 p.m. Lunch


2.30 p.m – 2.45 p.mSpotlight | War by Other Means ? Disinformation and Election Interference

Laura Rosenberger , Director , Alliance for Securing Democracy; Senior Fellow , German Marshall Fund of the United States
Moderator: Julia Ioffe , Correspondent, GQ Magazine

Disinformation campaigns — particularly during election periods — pose a serious threat to the transatlantic community’s democratic values and institutions. This was demonstrated by, among other things, Russia’s disruptive campaign to subvert the 2016 U.S. presidential elections, as well as by Russian disinformation strategies in Europe to paralyze transatlantic decision-making and foster divisions among EU member states. Russia has also been using information operations as part of its ongoing hybrid war with Ukraine.

Disinformation strategies may take various forms and involve traditional media, social networks, and political parties. This session will take stock of the progress made so far by the transatlantic community in addressing the serious threats posed by disinformation campaigns.

Main Stage
2.45 p.m. – 3.45 p.m.Back to Basics | Defense and Deterrence in the Modern Age

General Knud Bartels, DKA (Ret.) , Adjunct Professor , Royal Danish Defense College
H.E. Raimundas Karoblis , Minister of National Defense , Republic of Lithuania
Commander Helena Linder-Jess , Commanding Officer, German Navy, Federal Armed Forces , Federal Republic of Germany
Noam Perski , International Government Lead, Palantir Technologies, London
Moderator: Sebastian Sprenger , Associate Editor for Europe , Defense News

Collective defense and deterrence are back in focus for NATO in the wake of Russia’s annexation of Crimea and continued assertiveness by Moscow against the United States, Europe, and NATO. New friction zones have emerged between Russia and NATO in northern Europe and in the Black Sea region, where Russia has, among other things, built powerful anti-access/area-denial networks to hamper NATO’s ability to operate there in a crisis. In addition, the Alliance needs to provide credible defence and deterrence against the challenges emanating from the South. The task is all the more difficult as lessons from the past have limited value in light of new technologies and different geographies. How should NATO accomplish its core mission of collective defense and deterrence in the 21st century? And is the Alliance currently on the right track?

Main Stage
3.45 p.m. – 4.15 p.m.Coffee BreakLobby
4.15 p.m. – 5.15 p.m.Break Out Sessions (off the record)

1) Cyber Crisis Simulation

Ambassador Sorin Ducaru , Special Adviser , Global Commission on the Stability of Cyberspace
Carmen Gonsalves , Head of International Cyber Policy Department , Kingdom of the Netherlands; Co-chair, Global Forum on Cyber Expertise
Tanel Sepp, Head of the Cyber Policy Department, Ministry of Defense of the Republic of Estonia
Moderator: Diana Kelley , Cybersecurity Field Chief Technology Officer , Microsoft

Concerns about cyber security have skyrocketed as governments, economies, and societies increasingly depend on the internet and digital technologies. The increasing number of cyber-attacks also places new pressures on top of long-existing coordination difficulties when EU and NATO countries find themselves in need to respond to a cyber-driven crisis. The scope and sophistication of modern cyber-attacks require quick, interoperable responses throughout all strategic and logistical layers, from the political leaderships to civil services to the private sector. The objectives of this cyber exercise will be to highlight challenges in decision-making and response procedures when facing a crisis situation caused by a cyber-attack; to identify what capabilities help the decision-making process and multi-stakeholder intelligence sharing; and to improve cyber awareness among the participants as well as highlighting lessons learned and best cyber practices. A panel of practitioners will be asked to respond in real-time to a realistic cyber crisis scenario unfolding in a fictional country. The audience will be asked to play an active role during this exercise by commenting and voting on the most convincing response options presented by the panelists as the crisis scenario evolves.

2) Digital Forensics Demo

Lukas Andriukaitis , Digital Forensic Research Assistant, Baltics and Eurasia, Digital Forensic Research Lab , Atlantic Council
Graham Brookie, Director, Digital Forensic Research Lab, Atlantic Council
Ben Nimmo , Information Defense Fellow, Digital Forensic Research Lab, Atlantic Council

Humans are more interconnected than at any point in history, and the Atlantic Council’s Digital Forensic Research Lab is building a leading hub of digital forensic analysts tracking events in governance, technology, security, and where each intersect as they occur. This interactive session will demonstrate the power of open source analysis. DFRLab will demonstrate how they are using open sources to improve protection against hostile narratives against the Enhanced Forward Presence and get ground truth in conflict zones from Ukraine to Syria.

3) The New Nuclear Age

Beatrice Fihn, Executive Director , The International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons
Karl-Heinz Kamp , President, German Federal Academy for Security Policy
Guy Roberts, Assistant Secretary of Defense for Nuclear, Chemical, and Biological Defense Programs , US Department of Defense
Moderator: Ali Ahmad, Director, Energy Policy and Security in the Middle East Program , American University of Beirut

A second nuclear age, marked by more actors and less stability, is taking shape. At the Warsaw Summit in 2016, NATO member states have repeated their long-time position that “[a]s long as nuclear weapons exist, NATO will remain a nuclear alliance” and reaffirmed their “resolve to seek a safer world for all and to create the conditions for a world without nuclear weapons in full accordance with all provisions of the NPT […].” Yet, some observers argue that changes in technology, doctrine, and rhetoric, in particular in Russia, call for a renewed debate on NATO’s nuclear deterrence posture and, possibly, an update of NATO’s 2012 Deterrence and Defence Posture Review (DDPR).

Main Stage

Breakout Room 1

Breakout Room 2
5.30 p.m. – 6.00 p.m.A Conversation with Zoran Zaev

H.E. Zoran Zaev, Prime Minister, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia*
Moderator: Damon Wilson, Executive Vice President, Atlantic Council

* Turkey recognizes The Republic of Macedonia with its constitutional name

Main Stage
06.00 p.m. – 6.45 p.m.Special Screening: “NATO HQ: Behind the Lines”

Jamie Shea , Deputy Assistant Secretary General for Emerging Security Challenges , NATO
Moderator: Cristina Gallach, High Commissioner for the Agenda 2030, Kingdom of Spain

This year, NATO has left one of its trademarks, the old headquarters. But one of NATO’s trademark characters will also be leaving. As Jamie Shea retires, he and his colleagues past and present, friends, and experts give their take about what really happened during the main events in NATO’s old HQ. This brief documentary charts how NATO changed from the respected but static Alliance of the Cold War when Jamie joined, to the modern and dynamic international player which he leaves. After the screening, Jamie will do a Q&A on stage.

Main Stage
6.45 p.m. – 7.00 p.m.Day One Wrap-Up

Nik Gowing, Founder and Director , Thinking the Unthinkable
Ines Pohl , Editor-in-Chief, Deutsche Welle

Main Stage
7.00 p.m.Transport to Reception Venue
8.00 p.m. – 9.30 p.m.

Evening Reception and Buffet Dinner

Without NATO, What? Competition Winners
Muhammad Waqar Ahmad,Research Analyst, NATO Association of Canada
Tamari Jibuti, Member, YATA Georgia
Benjamin Patterson, Vice President, YATA Canada
Introduced by: Sascha Mueller, Program Coordinator, Engagements Section, NATO Public Diplomacy Division

Tour and Taxis
9.30 p.m. – 10.30 p.m.Night Owl Session (off the record) | Beyond the Liberal Order: How to Deal with Russia and China

Iskander Akylbayev, Executive Director, Kazakhstan Council on International Relations
Lilia Shevtsova, Associate Fellow, Russia and Eurasia Program , Chatham House
Ambassador Alexander Vershbow, Distinguished Fellow, Atlantic Council
Gunnar Wiegand, Managing Director for Asia and the Pacific, European External Action Service
Moderator: Bobo Lo, Associate Research Fellow, Russia and New Independent States Center, French Institute of International Relations

In the first several lines of the NATO founding treaty the Alliance is charged with safeguarding “freedom” founded “on the principles of democracy, individual liberty, and the rule of law.” In its near 70-year history, the Alliance has done much to strengthen, sustain, and forward ideals that “promote stability and well-being.” Yet, the 21st century has provided a counter-narrative to this system and set of values. Specifically, Russia and China have provided an alternate model outside of and often incongruent with the post-World War II international system and the norms underpinning the Alliance. Over recent years, the contrast between norms-driven engagements and power politics have been on stark display as military conflict and the use of force in Europe has returned. Russia has proven itself to be more geopolitically and militarily assertive in the past decade. Beyond this, China’s rise has only accelerated. Moreover, it has largely done so in competition with the liberal democratic order, as it has invested economically and politically across various geographic regions and set up competing institutions.

Tour and Taxis

Thursday, July 12 2019

9.00 a.m. – 9.15 a.m.Day Two Opening

Nik Gowing, Founder and Director, Thinking the Unthinkable
Ines Pohl, Editor-in-Chief, Deutsche Welle
Ambassador Tacan Ildem, Assistant Secretary General for Public Diplomacy, NATO

Main Stage
9.15 a.m. – 9.45 a.m. A Conversation with Katrin Jakobsdottir

H.E. Katrin Jakobsdottir, Prime Minister, Republic of Iceland
Moderator: Corinna Hörst , President, Women in International Security Brussels

Main Stage
9.45 a.m. – 10.45 a.m.(In)Stability in NATO´s Neighborhood

Lieutenant General F. Benjamin Hodges, USA (Ret.), Pershing Chair in Strategic Studies, Center for European Policy Analysis
Imen Ben Mohamed, Member, Fundamental Rights, Civil Liberties, and Foreign Affairs Committee, Parliament of the Republic of Tunisia;
Soli Özel, Professor of International Relations, Kadir Has University
Amanda Sloat, Robert Bosch Senior Fellow, Center on the United States and Europe, Brookings Institution
Moderator: Ian Lesser, Vice President, The German Marshall Fund of the United States

Today, collective security of the Alliance involves more than just defense on one front. A more assertive Russia threatens European security and transatlantic interests while instability along Europe’s southern periphery, terrorism, and spillovers from conflict in the MENA region affect security across Europe and the Atlantic. Afghanistan also remains a key priority for the Alliance. The durable nature of the prevailing insecurity poses longer-term challenges that go well beyond crisis management. NATO must respond to this continuing instability to ensure security for its members in the 21st century.

Main Stage
10.45 a.m. – 11.15 a.m.Coffee BreakLobby
11.15 a.m. – 12.00 p.m. The US Role in NATO and the Future of the Transatlantic Bond

H.E. Paolo Alli,President, NATO Parliamentary Assembly
The Hon. Jeanne Shaheen (D-NH), Co-Chair, Senate NATO Observer Group; Member, Committee on Foreign Relations,US Senate
The Hon. Thom Tillis (R-NC), Co-Chair, Senate NATO Observer Group; Member, Committee on Armed Services, US Senate
Moderator: Ambassador Wolfgang Ischinger, Chairman, The Munich Security Conference

Main Stage
12.00 p.m – 1.00 p.m.Break Out Sessions (off the record)

1) Boom or Bust: The Future of European Defense

Wolff van Sintern, Senior Partner, McKinsey and Company

Rebecca Jones, Head of Strategy Implementation, Airbus
Jan Techau, Director, Europe, Program, The German Marshall Fund of the United States
James J. Townsend, Adjunct Senior Fellow, Transatlantic Security Program, Center for A New American Security
Anna Wieslander, Director, Northern Europe, Future Europe Initiative, Atlantic Council

Moderator: Brooks Tigner, EU and NATO Affairs Correspondent, IHS Jane’s Defense Weekly; Chief Policy Analyst, Security Europe

European defense integration has long been part of the EU calculus, but the issue now tops the list of priorities in Brussels and other EU capital cities. Since 2016, the European Union has launched a number of initiatives including the EU Permanent Structured Cooperation (PESCO). A stronger Europe also means that EU member states could assume greater responsibility in operations and meet the longstanding demand of the United States for more equal burden sharing inside the Alliance. But as Europe is on the march to integrate its defense, there is an immediate interest to do so in a way that complements, and not contradicts, existing and future NATO missions, capabilities, and priorities. Europe will also need to overcome some other well-known challenges to advance its defense integration, including overcoming member states’ diverging priorities and turning the EU’s complex bureaucracy into a more agile decision-making structure.

2) From Purpose Comes Power: Adapting to a New Security Environment

Julian Lindley-French, Senior Fellow, Institute for Statecraft
Ann Mettler, Head of the European Political Strategy Center, European Commission
Ambassador Alexander Vershbow, Distinguished Fellow, Atlantic Council
Facilitator: Daniel Bennett, Director, Millennium Leadership Program, Atlantic Council

Human Centered Design (HCD), commonly referred to as “Design Thinking” is the practice of designing solutions to problems that put the user, or the human, at the center. Over the years, the practice has spread from Silicon Valley and product design firms to the realm of public policy to tackle larger human-centered challenges. This session will employ two basic design methods to address a fundamental question: What Should Drive NATO’s Adaptation?

With the participants working individually and as members of small teams — this session will offer insight into what might drive NATO’s adaptation for the future.

3) Inclusive Security in Action: Interactive Map and Immersive Training Environments

Clare Hutchinson, Special Representative for Women, Peace and Security, NATO

Presentation and Q&A
Major General William B. Hickman, USA, Deputy Chief of Staff, Strategic Plans and Policy, NATO Allied Command Transformation

Protecting civilians in operations and in crisis is a key consideration for the Alliance and its member militaries. In this session, NATO’s Allied Command Transformation will demonstrate how the Protection of Civilians Policy has been integrated into NATO and NATO-led operations and missions using a combination of traditional means and innovative techniques and capabilities.

Main Stage

Breakout Room 1

Breakout Room 2

1.15 p.m. – 2.15 p.m.Lunch

2.15 p.m. – 3.00 p.m. A Conversation with Giorgi Margvelashvili and Petro Poroshenko

H.E. Giorgi Margvelashvili, President, Georgia
H.E. Petro Poroshenko, President, Ukraine
Moderator: Frederick Kempe, President and Chief Executive Officer, Atlantic Council

Main Stage
3.00 p.m. – 3.30 p.m.Changing Defense in a Changing World

Ambassador Jorge Domecq, Chief Executive, European Defense Agency

General Curtis M. Scaparrotti, USA, Supreme Allied Commander Europe, NATO; Commander, US European Command
Moderator: General James L. Jones, Jr., USMC (Ret.), Founder and President, Jones Group International

Main Stage
3.30 p.m. – 4.30 p.m.A Necessity, Not A Choice: The Future of the NATO-EU Relationship

Ambassador Alejandro Alvargonzález, Assistant Secretary General for Political Affairs and Security Policy, NATO
Elżbieta Bieńkowska, Commissioner for Single Market, Industry, Entrepreneurship, European Commission
Judy Dempsey, Editor-in-Chief, Strategic Europe; Nonresident Senior Fellow, Carnegie Europe
Chris Lombardi, Vice President, European Business Development, Raytheon International
Moderator: Ines Pohl, Editor-in-Chief, Deutsche Welle

In today’s strategic environment, cooperation between NATO and the EU is more important than ever. But NATO-EU cooperation has sometimes proven difficult and frustrating. Some worry that too much of the work done is limited to declarations and statements, and has not yet translated into concrete results. Others are concerned that political constraints may continue to prevent a genuine NATO-EU partnership.

This discussion will look into the current state of play as well as the future of NATO-EU cooperation, while taking into account recent developments in European defense and their impact on transatlantic security. How far have we come since 2016 and what are the prospects for taking NATO-EU cooperation to a new level in the next few years?

Main Stage
4.30 p.m. – 5.00 p.m. A Conversation with Mohammad Ashraf Ghani Ahmadzai

H.E. Mohammad Ashraf Ghani Ahmadzai, President, Islamic Republic of Afghanistan
Moderator: Kevin Baron, Executive Editor, Defense One

Main Stage
4.30 p.m. – 5.00 p.m.Coffee Break Lobby
5.30 p.m. – 6.00 p.m.The Brussels Summit: Where Do We Go from Here?

The Hon. Rose Gottemoeller, Deputy Secretary General, NATO
Karlijn Jans, Strategic Analyst, The Hague Center for Security Studies

Immediately after the Summit, the NATO Deputy Secretary General will, in a moderated discussion, share her observations about how the decisions taken by the Heads of State and Government will help NATO’s ongoing adaptation in the years ahead.

Main Stage
6.00 p.m. – 6.30 p.m.Closing | What Have We Learned and What Have We Missed?

Moderator: Nik Gowing, Founder and Director, Thinking the Unthinkable

Ambassador Tacan Ildem, Assistant Secretary General for Public Diplomacy, NATO

Main Stage